Friday, 27 April 2012



Use of Adjectives.
-          An adjectives is word that tells us more about a noun (such as a person or a thing). Adjectives are important because they tell us more about the look, colour, smell or feel of something. Adjectives make sentences interesting and informative.

Eg: The beach is so lovely and quite.
       I saw two fat puppies on my way home.
       Mary has an oval-shaped face with big, brown eyes.

Comparison of Adjectives.
-          A comparative adjective compares two nouns with each other. A superlative adjective compares at least three nouns.

Eg:     Adjective        Comparative       Superlative
               tall                   taller                    tallest

        Bee Lee is as tall as Mohan.
        Joe is taller than Bee Lee.
        Hamdan is the tallest among them.


Past Tense.

Simple Past Tense.
The simple past tense is used to talk about actions that were completed some time in the past.
Eg: The girls baked cakes in cookery class yesterday.
       The boys made pencil holders in the workshop last week.

The Future Time.
‘will’ and ‘ be going to’ are used to show actions that will happen in the future.
Eg: I will be in Ipoh next week.
      They will visit Puan Fatimah later.
      Susan will finish her project tomorrow.
      Jack is going to play squash this evening.


Present Tense.

1.      Simple Present Tense
-          The simple present tense is used to:
a.       Talk about habits or things that you normally do or do not do
Eg: I always finish my homework before I sleep.
      The lazy boy never does his homework.

b.      Give instructions or directions
Eg:  Keep quite during the assembly.
        Do not move the furniture.

c.       Talk about facts
Eg: The earth revolves around the sun.
       Plants need air, water and sunlight to grow.

2.      Subject-verb Agreement
-          In the simple present tense, singular subject must followed by singular verbs. Plural subject must followed by plural verbs.
Eg: My cat loves to sleep on the sofa.
       Cats love to sleep.
-          In the simple present tense, third-person singular pronouns (he/she/it) are always followed by singular verbs.
Eg: He enjoys playing futsal.
       She collects key chain.
       It rains very often in Taiping.

3.      Present Continuous Tense.
-it is used to show that something is happening now or at the time of speaking.
Eg: I am writing a letter now.  
      She is walking to the market.
      We are eating in the canteen.


-          A nouns is a word used as a name for a person, place, thing or idea.

1.       Concrete Nouns.
-          Concrete nouns refer to people, places, things or animals.
Eg. Boy, city, key, rabbit.

2.       Abstract Nouns.
-          Abstract nouns refer to qualities, states, actions or events.
Eg: bravery, happiness, laugh, examination.

3.       Common nouns.
-          Common nouns are names of thing and people.
Eg: car, computer, doctor.

4.       Proper nouns.
-          Proper nouns are the names of specific things and people.
Eg: Dr Grey

5.       Countable Nouns.
-          Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted like motorcycles, cars and buildings.
-          We use a or an with singular countable nouns like a bag and an apple.
-          We use determiners like many and a few with plural countable nouns.
Eg: Many tourist and a few teachers.

6.       Uncountable Nouns.
-          Nouns which which cannot be counted, like air and water.
-          We use determiners like much and a little with uncountable nouns.
Eg: Much trouble and a little money.


A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. There are a few types of pronouns.

1. Personal pronouns
-they can used as subjects or objects in sentences.
I,we, you, he, she, it , they: are used as the subject of a verb
Me, us, you, him, her, it, them: are used as the object of a verb
I like cooking but she likes sewing.
She is the tallest girl in her class.
They were late so the teacher scolded them.

2. Possessive pronouns.
They are used to show who an object belongs to.
This kite is his. (The kite belongs to him)
This bag is mine. (The bag belongs to me)
These books are ours. (These books belong to us)

3. Possessive Adjectives.
They are used to show who an object belongs to. However, they are always followed by a noun.
This is our house. (This house belongs to us)
That is her notebook. (That notebook belongs to her)
Those are your flowers. (Those flowers belongs to you)

4. Interrogative Pronouns.
They are used to ask questions about people, animals or things.
Who are you talking to?
Whose desk is this?
Which sandwich do you want?
What are you hiding?
To whom did you give the book?